Boise is the capital and most populous city in the U.S. UU. State of Idaho and is the county seat of Ada County. On the Boise River in southwest Idaho,.
Timeline of Boise, Idaho · List of people from Boise. The area has a variety of shops and restaurants. Centrally, 8th Street contains a pedestrian area with sidewalk cafes and restaurants. The neighborhood has many restaurants, bars, and local boutiques.
The area also contains the Basque Block, which shows Boise's Basque heritage. Top attractions in downtown Boise include the Idaho State Capitol, the classic Egyptian Theatre on the corner of Capitol Boulevard and Main Street, the Boise Museum of Art on the Capitol in front of Julia Davis Park and the Boise Zoo on the grounds of Julia Davis Park. The name can also derive from previous mountain men who called the river that runs through it. In the 1820s, French-Canadian fur trappers associated with British-owned HBC set up trap lines nearby.
Nestled in a high desert area, the tree-lined valley of the Boise River became a distinctive landmark, an oasis dominated by poplars. They called it La Rivière Boisée, which means wooded river. The Shoshone in the Boise Valley belonged to the Yahandeka group (marmot eaters). They were among the first Shoshone bands ever assembled.
They traveled a considerable range in the early 19th century, with their main hunting grounds along the lower Boise River and Payette River. When Donald MacKenzie developed the Snake country's fur trade after 1818, the most prominent of the Boise Shoshone, Peiem (a shoshoni interpretation of “Big Jim”, the English name of its leader), became the most influential leader of the big band composed of Shoshoni that white hunters regularly encountered in the Land of Snakes. In 1811, Wilson Hunt, employed as an agent in the fur trade under the direction of John Jacob Astor, organized and led most of a group of about 60 men on an overland expedition to establish a fur trading outpost at the mouth of the Columbia River. This expedition passed through the Boise Valley and was the first time that a white American entered the region.
Due to the War of 1812 and the lack of U, S. Fur trading posts in the Pacific Northwest, most of the route was not used for the next two decades, so Snake Country remained free of settler incursions. After the conclusion of the war of 1812, until the 1840s, Oregon, although officially jointly managed, was dominated only by the British Hudson Bay Company (HBC), which had a land connection to the interior of the Canadian prairies via York Factory Express. Snake Country, including the Boise Valley, remained independent and relatively free of incursions and the passage of settlers.
This was due to two main reasons:. First, the general region east of the Rocky Mountains at that time, was described in the media and literature of the eastern United States as the Great American Desert, an arid and unproductive region, unsuitable for inhabitation. Therefore, the region of Boise itself was not of interest to the settlers. However, Oregon Country, on the other side of the Rocky Mountains, was a desirable destination for settlers.
However, the British had an official policy of discouraging American settlers. Therefore, settler incursions into the Boise Valley along the Oregon Trail remained low, until the early 1840s. HBC established a fort in the region, Old Fort Boise, 40 miles (64 km) west, near Parma, Boise River, near its confluence with the Snake River on the Oregon border. They were present at the fort until 1844, and later handed it over to the United States Army.
Beginning in the early 1840s, developments further west in modern Oregon meant significant changes in the Boise region. At that time, HBC and the British began to move their operations further north of British Columbia, while there was a slow and steady increase in the number of settlers in the country of Oregon, demanding annexation. These events eventually accumulated in the Oregon Treaty, in which the British ceded the region to the United States, thus ending the era of joint occupation. This meant that the Boise Valley and much of Snake Country were claimed as Oregon territory.
With the discovery of gold in California in 1848 and the passage of the Donation Land Claim Act, settler incursions increased exponentially. Increased incursions by settlers into the Shoshone and Bannock territories, and increased exploitation of the valley's game and resources during their voyage, led to a growing sense of frustration among indigenous gangs along the Oregon Trail. Therefore, beginning in the early 1850s, in order to dissuade settler caravans from using the route and entering their lands without authorization, indigenous peoples along the entire road, from modern eastern Idaho to modern central Oregon, began to carry out low-intensity attacks against caravans passing by. For much of the rest of the 1850s, and even after the withdrawal of the United States Army to be deployed in the American Civil War, and its replacement by volunteer militias from California and Oregon.
The decline of the gold business in California prompted white settlers to search elsewhere for gold. This included the inclusion of much of Idaho in this search. The discovery of gold in 1860 in Pierce, Idaho, in the territory of the Nez Perce Nation, and the settlement of settlers there, significantly increased tensions. That same year, in September, another major event occurred along the Oregon Trail, the Total Party Massacre, about 100 miles southeast of Boise, during which 29 of a group of 44 settlers were killed or captured in an intense, organized ambush.
It seemed that this region of Snake Country was on the brink of war. Boise is located in southwest Idaho, about 41 miles (66 km) east of the Oregon border and 110 miles (177 km) north of the Nevada border. The elevation of the city center is 824 m (2,704 ft) above sea level. Most of the metropolitan area is located on a wide, flat plain, descending to the west.
Mountains rise to the northeast, stretching from the southeastern end of Boise's city limits to nearby Eagle. These mountains are known to locals as the foothills of Boise and are sometimes described as the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. About 34 miles (55 km) southwest of Boise and about 26 miles (42 km) southwest of Nampa, the Owyhee Mountains are entirely in neighboring Owyhee County. Southwest Boise contains sparsely populated neighborhoods built from the 1960s to the early 1980s.
Many include acre-sized plots and occasionally cottages and pastures. In the 1980s, growth in the area was stunted to prevent urban sprawl. Since this has been lifted, there has been widespread growth in new housing and neighborhoods. The area is close to Interstate 84, theaters, shopping, the airport, golf course and the Boise Bench area.
Warm Springs focuses on tree-lined Warm Springs Avenue and contains some of the largest and most expensive houses in Boise (many of which were built by wealthy miners and businessmen in the early 20th century; Victorian styles feature prominently). The area gets its name from the natural hot springs that flow from the Boise fault line and heat many of the homes in the area. The public swimming center Natotorium is here. Southeast Boise stretches from Boise State University to Micron Technology, all areas between Federal Way and the Boise River.
The oldest area, just south of the university, can be described as a cross between the North End and the bank of Boise. The rest of southeast Boise was developed over the last thirty years with suburban-style homes. West Boise is home to the Boise Towne Square Mall, the largest in the state, as well as many restaurants, shopping malls and residential developments ranging from new subdivisions to apartment complexes. The Ada County Jail and the printing division of Hewlett Packard are also here.
It is relatively the flattest section of Boise, with panoramic views of the Boise front. West Boise also borders the city of Meridian. There were 94,449 households with 2.38 persons per household, and 82.5 per cent of the people lived in the same household as they had in the previous year. Varney Air Lines, founded by Walter Varney in 1926, was formed in Boise, although based in Pasco, Washington, due to its more attractive prospects and increased economic support in Washington.
The original airmail contract was from Pasco to Elko, Nevada, with stops in Boise in both directions. Varney Air Lines is the original predecessor of the current United Airlines, which still services the city at the newly renovated and improved Boise Airport. The World Center for Birds of Prey, just outside the city, is a key part of the restoration of the peregrine falcon and its subsequent removal from the list of endangered species. The center is breeding the rare California condor, among many other rare and endangered species.
The famous Idaho Potato Bowl football game (formerly known as Humanitarian Bowl and MPC Computers Bowl) is held at the end of December each year and joins a Mountain West Conference team with a Mid-American Conference team. The Boise metropolitan area has two daily newspapers, The Idaho Statesman and Idaho Press-Tribune; a free alternative weekly, Boise Weekly; a weekly business news publication, Idaho Business Review, and a quarterly lifestyle magazine, Boise Magazine. In addition to numerous radio stations, Boise has five major commercial television stations serving the greater Boise area. There are four major media outlets, KTVB (NBC), KBOI-TV (CBS), KIVI-TV (ABC; Fox's sister broadcaster, KNIN-TV broadcasts additional KIVI news) and Idaho Public Television.
Commercial air service is provided at Boise Airport. The terminal was recently renovated to accommodate the growing number of passengers entering and departing from Boise. Served by Allegiant Air, Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Frontier Airlines, Southwest Airlines and United Airlines. The eastern end of the airport is home to the National Inter-Agency Fire Center.
The Gowen Field Air National Guard Base occupies the south side of the field. Our editors will review what you submitted and determine if they review the article. Boise, capital and largest city of Idaho, USA. It is located along the Boise River, in the southwestern part of the state.
Because the northern mountains protect it from Canadian blizzards, Boise has relatively mild winters as well as hot, dry summers. The main interstate serving Boise is I-84, which connects Boise to Portland, Oregon and Salt Lake City, Utah. The discovery of gold around the Boise Valley in 1863 and the ongoing war led the US military to establish a new Fort Boise, where Boise is today. Following the 1862 Gold Rush to the Boise River Basin, Fort Boise was established (July 4, 1886) and a community was developed to serve nearby mines.
One such attack, known as the Ward Massacre, took place in the Boise Valley, about 20 miles west of modern Boise. The city is a center of social life of the state, located near the Boise River in a beautiful green valley, in western Idaho. The Boise metropolitan area, also known as Treasure Valley, includes five counties with a combined population of 749,202 inhabitants, the most populous metropolitan area in Idaho. After 1902, the Boise Irrigation Project built near Arrowrock Dam and several other dams on the Boise River to provide the region with water storage and recreational facilities.
Post-secondary education options in Boise include Boise State University (BSU) and a wide range of technical schools. In addition, residents of the Boise area have Interstate 184 (known locally as The Connector), a nearly 5 mile (8 km) stretch of highway that connects I-84 to the downtown Boise area. After a year, with the creation of the Montana Territory, Boise became the territorial capital of a very small Idaho in a controversial decision that overturned a district court judgment by a one-vote majority in the territorial supreme court in 1866. Its location at the crossroads of the Oregon Trail and the routes to the Boise Basin and Owyhee mines ensured Boise's initial growth, and it became the capital of Idaho in 1864. .